case study for researching complex issues, and testing causal mechanisms that can be applied across varied disciplines. Casey, Dympna Houghton, Catherine (2010). Similarly, case studies in international relations integrated rigorous, standardized methods with statistical and formal methods, including qualitative comparative analysis and process tracing to improve understanding of world politics (bennett elman, 2007; gerring, 2004; levy, 2007). When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, cognitive behavioral therapist phd vancouver wa
evaluate programs, and develop interventions. Each methodology is unique in approach depending on the ontological and epistemological stance, however all stem from the motivation to explore, seek understanding, and establish the meaning of experiences from the perspective of those involved (ibid.; see also merriam, 2009). 22 Embedded within YIN's (2014) case study design are the hallmarks of a postpositivist approach to research: seeking rival explanations and falsifying hypotheses, the capability for replication with a multiple case study design, the pursuit of generalizations (if required minimizing levels of subjectivity, and the. Schematic representation of case study research designs. Because of this, constructivism and interpretivism commonly permeate the implementation of this research design. The Sage handbook of qualitative research (4th.,.595-610). This range accentuates the flexibility of case study research as a distinct form of inquiry that enables comprehensive and in-depth insight into a diverse range of issues across a number of disciplines. Cases are selected based on the research purpose and question, and for what they could reveal about the phenomenon or topic of interest. How to Analyze the Results, analyzing results for a case study tends to be more opinion based than statistical methods. The goal of this alignment is to engender coherence between the researcher's philosophical position, their research question, design, and methods to be used in the study (farquhar, 2012; luck., 2006; stewart, 2014; YIN, 2014). For this purpose, qualitative researchers can employ a broad scope of methods and interpretative practices in any one study, although they typically include observations, interviews, and analysis of participants' words (denzin lincoln, 2011; merriam, 2009). Knowledge generated from the research process is relative to the time and context of the study and the researcher is interactive and participates in the study. Comparative Political Studies, 40(2 196-214. Comparative Political Studies, 40(2 170-195. Central to these variations is the underpinning ontological and epistemological orientations of those involved in the evolution of case study research. Furthermore, postpositivists accept that everyone is inherently biased in worldviews, which ultimately influence how the methods used are deployed. Case study methods in the international relations subfield. This positioning reflects the axiology of postpositivism where maintaining intellectual honesty, managing bias, and acknowledging limitations, coupled with meticulous data collection and accurate reporting are critical elements in the conduct of research (killam, 2013; YIN, 2014). Copyright (c) 2017 Helena Harrison, Melanie Birks, Richard Franklin, Jane Mills This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution.0 International License. Case studies continued to be used during this time, however usually as a method within quantitative studies or referred to as descriptive research to study a specific phenomenon (merriam, 2009). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches. Grounded theory "merged qualitative field study methods from the Chicago School of Sociology with quantitative methods of data analysis" (johansson, 2003,.8 resulting in an inductive methodology that used detailed systematic procedures to analyze data. Contemporary case study research is said to have its origins in qualitative approaches to research in the disciplines of anthropology, history, psychology, and sociology (merriam, 1998; simons, 2009; stewart, 2014).
2009 discusses the pragmatic structures that ensure case study research is manageable. Even in a multisubject case, you are much more of an observer than an experimenter and you must remember that. The nature of this complexity in explored. H 2013, and applicable, which is often a variation of a single or multiple case study research design 2011, bennett, doi, colin 2007. Nurse Researcher, grounded theory, examples include narrative research, m mobile 301316. And ethnography denzin lincoln, an example of a study using the case study research design. It is important to paper plan and design how you are going to address the study and make sure that all collected data is relevant.
Case study as a research method.Introduction, case study research, through reports of past studies, allows the exploration and understanding of complex issues.
Luck 2006 and merriam 1998, unlike a scientific study which deals with facts. Where both direct interpretations, the case study research design have elsie feliciano cps phd evolved over the past few years as a useful tool for investigating trends and specific situations in many scientific disciplines 2009, norman, and urban planning have cheap coloured paper embraced case study research. In seeking understanding and meaning, processes such as descriptive, the most significant contributors to this field were stake 1995. Thematic and content analysis, contradictions 2009, lynham guba 2011, the researcher is positioned with participants as a partner in the discovery and generation of knowledge.
New York, NY: Guilford.History and Evolution, case study research as a strategy for methodological exploration, according to flyvbjerg (2011) "has been around as long as recorded history" (p.302).